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VB.NET中如何得到计算机硬件信息

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出处:网络 时间:2011-06-28

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核心提示:本文汇集了在.net中得到计算机硬件信息的一些功能

  本文汇集了在.net中得到计算机硬件信息的一些功能。

  得到显示器分辨率

  Dim X As Short = System.<a href="http://dev.21tx.com/os/windows/" target="_blank">Windows</a>.Forms.Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Width

  Dim Y As Short = System.Windows.Forms.Screen.PrimaryScreen.Bounds.Height

  MsgBox("您的显示器分辨率是:" & X & " X " & Y)

  得到特殊文件夹的路径

  '"Desktop"桌面文件夹路径

  MsgBox(Environment.GetFold<a href="http://dev.21tx.com/corp/solution/erp/" target="_blank">ERP</a>ath(Environment.SpecialFolder.DesktopDirectory))

  '"Favorites"收藏夹路径

  MsgBox(Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.Favorites))

  '"Application Data"路径

  MsgBox(Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.ApplicationData))

  '通用写法

  'Dim SPEC As String = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.XXXXXXX)

  'XXXXXXX是特殊文件夹的名字

  得到操作系统版本信息

  MsgBox(Environment.OSVersion.ToString)

  得到当前登录的用户名

  MsgBox(Environment.UserName)

  得到当前应用程序的路径

  MsgBox(Environment.CurrentDirectory)

  打开和关闭CD-ROM

  '先新建模块

  Module mciAPIModule

  Declare Function mciSendString Lib "winmm.dll" Alias "mciSendStringA" _

  (ByVal lpstrCommand As String, ByVal lpstrReturnString As String, _

  ByVal uReturnLength As Integer, ByVal hwndCallback As Integer) As Integer

  End Module

  '打开CD-ROM

  Dim lRet As Long

  lRet = mciSendString("set cdAudio door open", 0&, 0, 0)

  '关闭CD-ROM

  Dim lRet As Long

  lRet = mciSendString("set cdAudio door Closed", 0&, 0, 0)

  '更多请参见

  http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/multimed/mmcmdstr_8eyc.asp

  得到计算机IP和计算机全名

  Dim MYIP As System.Net.IPHostEntry = System.Net.Dns.GetHostByName(System.Net.Dns.GetHostName)

  MsgBox("您的IP地址:" & (MYIP.AddressList.GetValue(0).ToString))

  MsgBox("您的计算机全名:" & (MYIP.HostName.ToString))

  使用win32_operatingSystem (wmi Class)得到计算机信息

  '添加ListBox在Form1_Load事件里,并引用system.Managment

  Dim opSearch As New ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * FROM Win32_OperatingSystem")

  Dim opInfo As ManagementObject

  For Each opInfo In opSearch.Get()

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Name: " & opInfo("name").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Version: " & opInfo("version").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Manufacturer: " & opInfo("manufacturer").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Computer name: " & opInfo("csname").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Windows Directory: " & opInfo("windowsdirectory").ToString())

  Next

  列出计算机安装的全部字体,并添加到ListBox

  '新建Form并添加ListBox和Button

  Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

  Dim fntCollection As InstalledFontCollection = New InstalledFontCollection()

  Dim fntFamily() As FontFamily

  fntFamily = fntCollection.Families

  ListBox1.Items.Clear()

  Dim i As Integer = 0

  For i = 0 To fntFamily.Length - 1

  ListBox1.Items.Add(fntFamily(i).Name)

  Next

  End Sub

  使用Win32_Processor列出处理器的信息

  Imports System.Management

  Public Class Form1

  Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

  #Region " Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码 "

  Public Sub New()

  MyBase.New()

  '该调用是 Windows 窗体设计器所必需的。

  InitializeComponent()

  '在 InitializeComponent() 调用之后添加任何初始化

  End Sub

  '窗体重写 dispose 以清理组件列表。

  Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)

  If disposing Then

  If Not (components Is Nothing) Then

  components.Dispose()

  End If

  End If

  MyBase.Dispose(disposing)

  End Sub

  'Windows 窗体设计器所必需的

  Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

  '注意: 以下过程是 Windows 窗体设计器所必需的

  '可以使用 Windows 窗体设计器修改此过程。

  '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。

  Friend WithEvents ListBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button

  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  Me.ListBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button

  Me.SuspendLayout()

  '

  'ListBox1

  '

  Me.ListBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 8)

  Me.ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"

  Me.ListBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(280, 186)

  Me.ListBox1.TabIndex = 0

  '

  'Button1

  '

  Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(56, 208)

  Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"

  Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(168, 32)

  Me.Button1.TabIndex = 1

  Me.Button1.Text = "装载计算机处理器信息"

  '

  'Form1

  '

  Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)

  Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(296, 254)

  Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.Button1, Me.ListBox1})

  Me.Text = "计算机处理器信息"

  Me.ResumeLayout(False)

  End Sub

  #End Region

  Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _

  Handles Button1.Click

  Dim ProcQuery As New SelectQuery("Win32_Processor")

  Dim ProcSearch As New ManagementObjectSearcher(ProcQuery)

  Dim ProcInfo As ManagementObject

  For Each ProcInfo In ProcSearch.Get()

  Call processorfamily(ProcInfo("Family").ToString)

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Description: " & ProcInfo("Description").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("caption: " & ProcInfo("caption").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Architecture: " & ProcInfo("Architecture").ToString())

  Call processortype(ProcInfo("ProcessorType").ToString())

  Call CpuStat(ProcInfo("CpuStatus").ToString)

  ListBox1.Items.Add("MaxClockSpeed: " & ProcInfo("MaxClockSpeed").ToString() & "MHZ")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("L2CacheSpeed: " & ProcInfo("L2CacheSpeed").ToString() & "MHZ")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("ExtClock: " & ProcInfo("L2CacheSpeed").ToString() & "MHZ")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("ProcessorId: " & ProcInfo("ProcessorId").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("AddressWidth: " & ProcInfo("AddressWidth").ToString() & "Bits")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("DataWidth: " & ProcInfo("DataWidth").ToString() & "Bits")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Version: " & ProcInfo("Version").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("ExtClock: " & ProcInfo("ExtClock").ToString() & "MHZ")

  Next

  End Sub

  Function processorfamily(ByVal procssfam)

  Dim processtype

  Select Case procssfam

  Case 1

  processtype = "Other"

  Case 2

  processtype = "Unknown "

  Case 3

  processtype = "8086 "

  Case 4

  processtype = "80286 "

  Case 5

  processtype = "80386 "

  Case 6

  processtype = "80486 "

  Case 7

  processtype = "8087 "

  Case 8

  processtype = "80287 "

  Case 9

  processtype = "80387 "

  Case 10

  processtype = "80487 "

  Case 11

  processtype = "Pentium brand "

  Case 12

  processtype = "Pentium Pro "

  Case 13

  processtype = "Pentium II "

  Case 14

  processtype = "Pentium processor with MMX technology "

  Case 15

  processtype = "Celeron "

  Case 16

  processtype = "Pentium II Xeon "

  Case 17

  processtype = "Pentium III "

  Case 18

  processtype = "M1 Family "

  Case 19

  processtype = "M2 Family "

  Case 24

  processtype = "K5 Family "

  Case 25

  processtype = "K6 Family "

  Case 26

  processtype = "K6-2 "

  Case 27

  processtype = "K6-3 "

  Case 28

  processtype = "AMD Athlon Processor Family "

  Case 29

  processtype = "AMD Duron Processor "

  Case 30

  processtype = "AMD2900 Family "

  Case 31

  processtype = "K6-2+ "

  Case 32

  processtype = "Power PC Family "

  Case 33

  processtype = "Power PC 601 "

  Case 34

  processtype = "Power PC 603 "

  Case 35

  processtype = "Power PC 603+ "

  Case 36

  processtype = "Power PC 604 "

  Case 37

  processtype = "Power PC 620 "

  Case 38

  processtype = "Power PC X704 "

  Case 39

  processtype = "Power PC 750 "

  Case 48

  processtype = "Alpha Family "

  Case 49

  processtype = "Alpha 21064 "

  Case 50

  processtype = "Alpha 21066 "

  Case 51

  processtype = "Alpha 21164 "

  Case 52

  processtype = "Alpha 21164PC "

  Case 53

  processtype = "Alpha 21164a "

  Case 54

  processtype = "Alpha 21264 "

  Case 55

  processtype = "Alpha 21364 "

  Case 64

  processtype = "MIPS Family "

  Case 65

  processtype = "MIPS R4000 "

  Case 66

  processtype = "MIPS R4200 "

  Case 67

  processtype = "MIPS R4400 "

  Case 68

  processtype = "MIPS R4600 "

  Case 69

  processtype = "MIPS R10000 "

  Case 80

  processtype = "SPARC Family "

  Case 81

  processtype = "SuperSPARC "

  Case 82

  processtype = "microSPARC II "

  Case 83

  processtype = "microSPARC IIep "

  Case 84

  processtype = "UltraSPARC "

  Case 85

  processtype = "UltraSPARC II "

  Case 86

  processtype = "UltraSPARC IIi "

  Case 87

  processtype = "UltraSPARC III "

  Case 88

  processtype = "UltraSPARC IIIi "

  Case 96

  processtype = "68040 "

  Case 97

  processtype = "68xxx Family "

  Case 98

  processtype = "68000 "

  Case 99

  processtype = "68010 "

  Case 100

  processtype = "68020 "

  Case 101

  processtype = "68030 "

  Case 112

  processtype = "Hobbit Family "

  Case 120

  processtype = "Crusoe TM5000 Family "

  Case 121

  processtype = "Crusoe TM3000 Family "

  Case 128

  processtype = "Weitek "

  Case 130

  processtype = "Itanium Processor "

  Case 144

  processtype = "PA-RISC Family "

  Case 145

  processtype = "PA-RISC 8500 "

  Case 146

  processtype = "PA-RISC 8000 "

  Case 147

  processtype = "PA-RISC 7300LC "

  Case 148

  processtype = "PA-RISC 7200 "

  Case 149

  processtype = "PA-RISC 7100LC "

  Case 150

  processtype = "PA-RISC 7100 "

  Case 160

  processtype = "V30 Family "

  Case 176

  processtype = "Pentium III Xeon "

  Case 177

  processtype = "Pentium III Processor with Intel SpeedStep Technology "

  Case 178

  processtype = "Pentium 4 "

  Case 179

  processtype = "Intel Xeon "

  Case 180

  processtype = "AS400 Family "

  Case 181

  processtype = "Intel Xeon processor MP "

  Case 182

  processtype = "AMD AthlonXP Family "

  Case 183

  processtype = "AMD AthlonMP Family "

  Case 184

  processtype = "Intel Itanium 2 "

  Case 185

  processtype = "AMD Opteron Family "

  Case 190

  processtype = "K7 "

  Case 200

  processtype = "IBM390 Family "

  Case 201

  processtype = "G4 "

  Case 202

  processtype = "G5 "

  Case 250

  processtype = "i860 "

  Case 251

  processtype = "i960 "

  Case 260

  processtype = "SH-3 "

  Case 261

  processtype = "SH-4 "

  Case 280

  processtype = "arm "

  Case 281

  processtype = "Strongarm "

  Case 300

  processtype = "6x86 "

  Case 301

  processtype = "MediaGX "

  Case 302

  processtype = "MII "

  Case 320

  processtype = "WinChip "

  Case 350

  processtype = "DSP "

  Case 500

  processtype = "Video Processor "

  End Select

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Family: " & processtype)

  End Function

  Function CpuStat(ByVal CpuStNUM)

  Dim stat

  Select Case CpuStNUM

  Case 0

  stat = "Unknown "

  Case 1

  stat = "CPU Enabled "

  Case 2

  stat = "CPU Disabled by User via BIOS Setup "

  Case 3

  stat = "CPU Disabled By BIOS (POST Error) "

  Case 4

  stat = "CPU is Idle "

  Case 5

  stat = "Reserved "

  Case 6

  stat = "Reserved "

  Case 7

  stat = "Other "

  End Select

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CpuStatus: " & stat)

  End Function

  Function processortype(ByVal proctypenum)

  Dim proctype

  Select Case proctypenum

  Case 1

  proctype = "Other "

  Case 2

  proctype = "Unknown "

  Case 3

  proctype = "Central Processor "

  Case 4

  proctype = "Math Processor "

  Case 5

  proctype = "DSP Processor "

  Case 6

  proctype = "Video Processor "

  End Select

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Processor Type: " & proctype)

  End Function

  End Class

  得到CD-ROM信息

  Imports System.Management

  Public Class Form1

  Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

  #Region " Windows 窗体设计器生成的代码 "

  Public Sub New()

  MyBase.New()

  '该调用是 Windows 窗体设计器所必需的。

  InitializeComponent()

  '在 InitializeComponent() 调用之后添加任何初始化

  End Sub

  '窗体重写 dispose 以清理组件列表。

  Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)

  If disposing Then

  If Not (components Is Nothing) Then

  components.Dispose()

  End If

  End If

  MyBase.Dispose(disposing)

  End Sub

  'Windows 窗体设计器所必需的

  '注意: 以下过程是 Windows 窗体设计器所必需的

  '可以使用 Windows 窗体设计器修改此过程。

  '不要使用代码编辑器修改它。

  Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

  Friend WithEvents ListBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  Me.ListBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  Me.SuspendLayout()

  '

  'ListBox1

  '

  Me.ListBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(24, 16)

  Me.ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"

  Me.ListBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(416, 173)

  Me.ListBox1.TabIndex = 0

  '

  'Form1

  '

  Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)

  Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(456, 206)

  Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.ListBox1})

  Me.Name = "Form1"

  Me.Text = "Form1"

  Me.ResumeLayout(False)

  End Sub

  #End Region

  Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _

  Handles MyBase.Load

  On Error Resume Next

  Dim SoundDeviceQuery As New SelectQuery("Win32_CDROMDrive")

  Dim SoundDeviceSearch As New ManagementObjectSearcher(SoundDeviceQuery)

  Dim SoundDeviceInfo As ManagementObject

  For Each SoundDeviceInfo In SoundDeviceSearch.Get()

  Dim SizeInMBs As Long = (Val(SoundDeviceInfo("Size").ToString()))

  SizeInMBs = Int((SizeInMBs / (1024 * 1024)))

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Description: " & SoundDeviceInfo("caption").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Manufacturer: " & SoundDeviceInfo("Manufacturer").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Drive: " & SoundDeviceInfo("drive").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Media Loaded: " & SoundDeviceInfo("MediaLoaded").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Media Type: " & SoundDeviceInfo("MediaType").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Volume Name: " & SoundDeviceInfo("VolumeName").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Size: " & SizeInMBs & " MBytes")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Status: " & SoundDeviceInfo("Status").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom MaxMediaSize: " & SoundDeviceInfo("MaxMediaSize").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom Id: " & SoundDeviceInfo("Id").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("CD-Rom TransferRate: "+Int(SoundDeviceInfo("TransferRate").ToString())+" KBs/秒")

  Next

  End Sub

  End Class

  得到硬盘信息

  Imports System.Management

  Public Class Form1

  Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

  #Region " Windows Form Designer generated code "

  Public Sub New()

  MyBase.New()

  InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

  Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)

  If disposing Then

  If Not (components Is Nothing) Then

  components.Dispose()

  End If

  End If

  MyBase.Dispose(disposing)

  End Sub

  Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

  Friend WithEvents ListBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  Me.ListBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  Me.SuspendLayout()

  '

  'ListBox1

  '

  Me.ListBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 8)

  Me.ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"

  Me.ListBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(272, 212)

  Me.ListBox1.TabIndex = 0

  '

  'Form1

  '

  Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)

  Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 238)

  Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.ListBox1})

  Me.Name = "Form1"

  Me.Text = "Form1"

  Me.ResumeLayout(False)

  End Sub

  #End Region

  Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

  On Error Resume Next

  Dim HDDDeviceQuery As New SelectQuery("Win32_DiskDrive")

  Dim HDDDeviceSearch As New ManagementObjectSearcher(HDDDeviceQuery)

  Dim HDDDeviceInfo As ManagementObject

  For Each HDDDeviceInfo In HDDDeviceSearch.Get()

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD Description: " & HDDDeviceInfo("caption").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD BytesPerSector: " & HDDDeviceInfo("BytesPerSector").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD CompressionMethod: " & HDDDeviceInfo("CompressionMethod").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD Index: " & HDDDeviceInfo("Index").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD InstallDate: " & HDDDeviceInfo("InstallDate").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD Manufacturer: " & HDDDeviceInfo("Manufacturer").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD Partitions: " & HDDDeviceInfo("Partitions").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD Size: " & Int(Val(HDDDeviceInfo("Size").ToString()) / 2 ^ 30) & "  GBytes")

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD TotalCylinders: " & HDDDeviceInfo("TotalCylinders").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD TotalSectors: " & HDDDeviceInfo("TotalSectors").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD TracksPerCylinder: " & HDDDeviceInfo("TracksPerCylinder").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD TotalHeads: " & HDDDeviceInfo("TotalHeads").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD TotalTracks: " & HDDDeviceInfo("TotalTracks").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD SectorsPerTrack: " & HDDDeviceInfo("SectorsPerTrack").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("HDD SCSILogicalUnit: " & HDDDeviceInfo("SCSILogicalUnit").ToString())

  Next

  End Sub

  End Class

  得到声卡信息

  Imports System.Management

  Public Class Form1

  Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

  #Region " Windows Form Designer generated code "

  Public Sub New()

  MyBase.New()

  InitializeComponent()

  End Sub

  Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)

  If disposing Then

  If Not (components Is Nothing) Then

  components.Dispose()

  End If

  End If

  MyBase.Dispose(disposing)

  End Sub

  Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

  Friend WithEvents ListBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> Private Sub InitializeComponent()

  Me.ListBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

  Me.SuspendLayout()

  '

  'ListBox1

  '

  Me.ListBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 8)

  Me.ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"

  Me.ListBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(272, 212)

  Me.ListBox1.TabIndex = 0

  '

  'Form1

  '

  Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)

  Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 238)

  Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.ListBox1})

  Me.Name = "Form1"

  Me.Text = "Form1"

  Me.ResumeLayout(False)

  End Sub

  #End Region

  Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

  Dim SoundDeviceQuery As New SelectQuery("Win32_SoundDevice")

  Dim SoundDeviceSearch As New ManagementObjectSearcher(SoundDeviceQuery)

  Dim SoundDeviceInfo As ManagementObject

  For Each SoundDeviceInfo In SoundDeviceSearch.Get()

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Sound Device Description: " & SoundDeviceInfo("Caption").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Sound Device Status: " & SoundDeviceInfo("status").ToString())

  ListBox1.Items.Add("Sound Device Manufacturer: " & SoundDeviceInfo("Manufacturer").ToString())

  Next

  End Sub

  End Class

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